Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr.
FamilyPinaceae — APG family: Pinaceae
SynonymsAbies falcata Raf., Picea falcata (Raf.) Valck.-Suringar, Pinus sitchensis Bong.
Common namesitka spruce
DescriptionUp to 65 meters tall and 1.5 meters in diameter, occasionally larger, with dark, thin, somewhat scaly bark; needles pungent, flattened, dark green beneath, two white stomatiferous bands above; cones 5-10 cm long, cylindrical-to-oblong, with rhombic-oblong scales.
EcologyIn pure stands or mixed with hemlock, chiefly below 500 meters in altitude, but extending occasionally to about 1,000 meters. Often propagates by layering.
A grove of Sitka spruce was planted in about 1805 at Unalaska, far west of natural range; it produces cones but does not multiply. (See color section.)
Hultén's Flora About

This is a digital representation of Eric Hultén’s ‘Flora of Alaska and Neighboring Territories: A Manual of the Vascular Plants’, which was published by Stanford University Press in 1968. The book was digitized by C. Webb (at UAMN) as part of the Flora of Alaska project, with funding by the US NSF (Grant 1759964 to Ickert-Bond & Webb), and with permission of Stanford University Press. Data and images © 1968 Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Jr. Univ. Usage licence: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 4.0. NB: You may find OCR errors; please refer to the hard-copy if in doubt.